Ghazni, which was the biggest capital of Islamic empire, now is a vast wasteland between Kabul and Kandahar. In ancient time, Ghazni was the centre of Arakuzia province which was conquered constantly by Alexander the Great and his Bactrian substitutes. Recently, a script has been discovered dating back to Ashoka – Buddhist emperor of Koshani. Establishing the fame of the city, there are minarets in east north of Ghzazni that were built upon Sultan Mahmood’s decree. In 961 AC, Alptagin founded the base of his kingdom in here and Sultan Mahmood extended it into a great empire. Sultan Mahmmod’s name is interlinked to a couple of attacks in north of India and as the result of these attacks bases of social life were totally altered in north of India. These triumphs approached to apex after attack on Rajistan and after the time Sumenat Temple- in which people prayed the Sun - was looted.
Several years later, Sultan Mahmood captured entire Iran and after a series of military operation Ghazni turned to the capital of his regime irradiating Islamic world. Great scholars like Ferdowsi and Al-biruni went to his court. Ghaznavian royalty was collapsed after Mahmood’s death and his subtlety was ignited by the flame Alau Din Jahan Soz generated. All culture and civilization left after great ignition was totally demolished by Mongols.
We can find the same subtlety and greatness of Ghaznavi royalty in Baghdad, the capital of Abbasian Caliphates. As a matter of fact, Ghazni was the centre of a civilization that all Arab world exploit it artistically and politically. Ghazna civilization, as represented in our literature and artworks, is a combination of Arabic and Iranian components. Ghaznavi rulers, like their Mongols peers, were fascinated by subtle Persian poetry and art. Like Mongols who employed Muslim artists from all over the Islamic world, Mahmood and his substitutes called for artisans and artists from Iran and Axos. So, taking into consideration these, things we can truly understand that why Ghaznavi art has horizontal perspectives and why conquered Iran had affected it. A few palaces as well as a hunting preserve – for Mahmood the First (1331-1340) were discovered in Lashkari Bazaar and Lashkargah, which are not far from Ghazni. These palaces were built based on Abbasian palaces. Other things like quarters and yards are hinting about pre-Islamic kings in the area.
The collection of Islamic works in Kabul Museum contains a number of marble stones that have been found since last decade. Although imputing these pieces of stones to a specific place is far impossible, they are all memories of great cultural period of Ghaznavi – 11th century AC.
The ceremony was attended by the Deputy Minister of information and culture on Youth affairs Dr.kamal Sadat, Director of the National Museum of Afghanistan Mohammad Fahim Rahimi and many other members of the National museum, deputyministry and volunteer’s youths were present. Addressing to the ... more